Water damage is one of the biggest issues faced by homeowners. If left unchecked, it can lead to foundation issues and costly repairs. That's why it's important to ensure proper drainage around your home's foundation. Here are the top three things homeowners should consider when installing new foundation drainage.
Slope and Grade
The first thing to consider is the slope and grade of your property. Ideally, the ground should slope away from your home's foundation. This helps to direct water away from your home and prevent it from pooling around your foundation.
To determine the slope and grade of your property, you can use a level and a long board. Place the level on the board and place the board against the ground. Check the level to see if the ground is level, sloping towards your foundation, or sloping away from your foundation.
If your property is sloping towards your foundation, you'll need to make some changes to ensure proper drainage. This could include regrading the ground around your home or installing a French drain system.
Average Cost: The cost of regrading the ground around your home can range from $500 to $3,000. Installing a French drain system can range from $1,000 to $4,000.
Type of Drainage System
The next thing to consider is the type of drainage system you want to install. There are two main types of drainage systems: surface drainage and subsurface drainage.
Surface drainage involves using channels and gutters to direct water away from your home's foundation. This is a good option if you have a flat property with no slope.
Subsurface drainage involves installing a French drain system. This system involves digging a trench around your home's foundation and installing a perforated pipe that's wrapped in fabric. The trench is then filled with gravel, and the pipe directs water away from your home's foundation.
The type of drainage system you choose will depend on your property's slope and grade, as well as your budget.
Average Cost: The cost of surface drainage can range from $500 to $2,500. The cost of a French drain system can range from $1,000 to $4,000.
Finally, it's important to consider the maintenance required for your new foundation drainage system. Without proper maintenance, your system can become clogged with debris and stop working effectively.
Surface drainage systems require regular cleaning to remove debris from gutters and channels. This can be done by the homeowner or a professional.
French drain systems require less maintenance, but it's still important to ensure the system is free of debris. The fabric surrounding the perforated pipe can become clogged with dirt and other debris, so it's important to check and clean the system periodically.
Average Cost: The cost of maintenance for surface drainage systems can range from $100 to $500 per year. The cost of maintenance for a French drain system can range from $50 to $300 per year.
Installing new foundation drainage is an important investment for homeowners. By considering the slope and grade of your property, the type of drainage system, and the maintenance required, you can ensure your home is protected from water damage.